In the center of the building at Balneario de Lugo are the Roman Baths, one of the most representative of the Roman cultural heritage.
Their construction began during the first steps of the city, founded 15 years before our Era, in Augusto Paulo Fabio Maximo´s legate, what in time would become the capital of the Northeast Gallaecia, the so called Conventus Iuridicus Lucensis.
The Roman Baths are in an area shaped by the Roman conqueror. The Roman bridge is a little more than 100 meters, that constituted the main city communication with the South of Galicia.
The Thermae or public baths were a fundamental part of the Roman way of life and reperesented the greatness and power of their governors. Almost all the public baths had a serie of commom rooms with specific functions. In the Apodyterium people use to undress and in the walls there were a kind of niches to leave their clothes. The Caldarium was the room with the hot bath. The Tepidarium was the transit room to the cold bath that took place in the Frigidarium. But there were also other installations that distinguished the rooms for steam baths, for practicing sports…
Archaeologic excavations provide a precious information on the organization and ancient history of the Roman Thermas. Fourteen altars were found during the archaeological excavation of the swimming-pool located in the back patio, broken in half, dedicated to the Nymphs by Roman celebrities: Marco Ulpio Longiniano, Lucio Valerio Maximo, Marco Hortensio Maximiliano…, with them showed their gratefulness to the goddesses tutelary of spring for the curing quality of its waters.
The Roman Thermas were always in use over the centuries and there are an example of the survival of the Roman public works of the city of Lugo: the wall, the bridge, the aqueduct and drains network…